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School of Tibetan Buddhism

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Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Vajrayana Buddhism which got its name after the name of the region, Tibet. Tibetan Buddhism is practiced not only in Tibet but also in other parts of the world. Along with following the teachings of Buddha, Tibetan Buddhism also applies Tantric practices and aspires to Buddhahood. Tibetan Buddhism has majorly four schools- Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya, and Gelug.

Four School of Tibetan Buddhism

tibet monk

Nyingma

This school of Tibetan Buddhism is founded on the first translations of Buddhist scriptures from Sanskrit into old Tibetan which was done in the eighth century. Since it was an ancient school of Tibetan Buddhism, it was named Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism as the literal meaning of the word Nyingma is ancient. This school of Tibetan Buddhism is also referred to as Ngangyur.

This school of Buddhism believes in the hidden terma treasures and place an emphasis on Dzogchen. Apart from the teachings of Buddha, they also incorporate local religious practices and elements of shamanism. If we look at the history of this school, the origin of this school leads to the teachings of Padmasambhava. Earlier, Nyingma practice was spread orally among the lay practitioners but later it was more organized with establishments of monasteries and adapted the practice of reincarnated spiritual leaders. In modern times, the Nyingma lineage has been centered in Kham and has been associated with the Rime movement.

Kagyu

The origin of Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism can be traced back to Gautam Buddha. It is recorded that great Indian yogi Tilopa was the important source for the Kagyu's practices. He was one of the mahasiddhas of India. He gained this realization through the methods that were taught by the Gautama Buddha. Yogi Tilopa passed down this realization to the disciples through the lineage: Indian mahasiddha Naropa, Marpa-the great translator, Milarepa-the greatest yogi of Tibet, and then to Gampopa. The lineage of the Kagyu emphasizes the continuity of oral instructions passed down from master to the students. Hence it was named as Kagyu.

The Kagyu school of Buddhism consists of four major sub-sects: the Karma Kagyu, the Tsalpa Kagyu, the Barom Kagyu, and Pagtru Kagyu. Further, the Pagtru Kagyu consists of eight minor sub-sects. The most notable Kagyu sect are the Drikung and Drukpa Lineages. The most recent one Shangpa Kagyu was established by the Kaly Rinpoche. This sect history can be traced back to the Indian master Naropa via Niguma, Sukhasiddhi, and Khyungpo Naljor.

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Sakya

The origin of Sakya school of Buddhism can also be traced back to Gautam Buddha. It is recorded that the great Indian yogi Virupa was the important source for the Sakya practices. He was one of the mahasiddhas of India. He achieved attainments through Gayadhara and then passed on the teachings to his Tibetan disciple, Drokmi Lotsawa Shakya Yeshe. Drokmi Lotsawa passed the lineage to his disciple Khon Konchok Gyalpo. He built the great monastery in the Tsang region, central Tibet. Since this region had lots of gray earth, this school of Buddhism was named as the Sakya which means Gray Earth. Khon Konchok Gyalpo established Sakya School in the late 11th century.

Gelug

This school of Buddhism was originally a reformist movement and is known for its emphasis on logic and debate. This school of Buddhism was founded by Je Tsongkhapa in the 14th-15th century. Je Tsongkhapa was a prominent supporter of the Madhyamika philosophy and formalized the Svatantrika-Prasangika distinction.

The spiritual leader of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism is entitled as Ganden Tripa and the temporal one is the Dalai Lama. The general person believes that Dalai Lama is the manifestation of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. After the civil war and the Mongol intervention in the 17th century, the Gelugpa School dominated Tibetan Buddhism and Dalai Lamas ruled Tibet from the mid-14th to mid-20th centuries until China invaded Tibet.

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Our collections of Buddha statues and arts

Old bronze Jambhala statue

Old bronze Jambhala statue

275 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Very early Jain statue with inscriptions

Very early Jain statue with inscriptions

600 euro
Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

175 euro
Very special bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Very special bronze Burmese Buddha statue

47,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Ganesha statue

Old bronze Nepali Ganesha statue

350 euro
Old wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Old wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

800 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Green Tara

Old bronze Nepali Green Tara

1,350 euro
Special antique marble Jain statue

Special antique marble Jain statue

2,750 euro
Old red Burmese offering vessel

Old red Burmese offering vessel

750 euro
Special antique bronze Shan Buddha statue

Special antique bronze Shan Buddha statue

7,500 euro
Old marble Hanuman statue

Old marble Hanuman statue

650 euro
Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

500 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

1,850 euro
Old bronze Manjushri statue

Old bronze Manjushri statue

550 euro
Old bronze nepali Ganesha statue

Old bronze nepali Ganesha statue

250 euro
Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor statue

Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor statue

1,750 euro
Old bronze Parvati statue

Old bronze Parvati statue

900 euro
Old bronze Nepali White Tara statue

Old bronze Nepali White Tara statue

325 euro
Antique marble Ganesha statue

Antique marble Ganesha statue

2,850 euro
Old marble Burmese Buddha statue

Old marble Burmese Buddha statue

900 euro
Old Burmese Buddha statue

Old Burmese Buddha statue

1,600 euro
Pair of old marble lion statues

Pair of old marble lion statues

700 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

600 euro
Special antique Ivory Japanese Zushi shrine

Special antique Ivory Japanese Zushi shrine

14,500 euro
Antique bronze Thai Sukhothai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Sukhothai Buddha statue

1,600 euro
Antique ivory Japanese figure

Antique ivory Japanese figure

1,500 euro
Old wooden Burmese Monk statue

Old wooden Burmese Monk statue

300 euro
Old wooden Burmese Throne

Old wooden Burmese Throne

1,250 euro
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