Asian art

Princess Bhrikuti

princess bhrikuti

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If the history of Buddhism in Nepal is traced then there won't be much proof that would be found about Princess Bhrikuti and her contributions and life of Bhrikuti as princess in Nepal. It is believed that she was a princess in the kingdom reign by Licchavi Emperor of Nepal. But Bhrikuti had played a major role in the development of Buddhism in Tibet and also promoted the Buddhism of Nepal in Tibet as well as the skills of many Newar Buddhist craftsmen in Nepal. Princess Bhrikuti along with Emperor Songtsan Gampo and Princess Wencheng change history of Buddhism in Tibet. They are known as legends in Buddhism.

Princess Bhrikuti was a licchavi Princess in Nepal was known as Bal-ma-bza' Khri-btsun, Bhelsa Tritsun or Royal Lady in Tibet. Princess Bhrikuti was considered as the first wife of Emperor Songtsan Gampo of Tibet. According to history of Buddhism, Princess Bhrikuti was believed to be the daughter of King Anshuvarma, the successor of King Srideva of Licchavi Kingdom. Princess Bhrikuti was a devout Buddhist and brought great Buddhist change in the land of Tibet and many Buddhist scholars believed that Princess was the incarnation of Tara, major Bodhisattva an embodiment of Buddhahood who protects the Dharma and Buddhist teachings.

Princess Bhrikuti and Buddhism in Tibet

Jokhang temple

According to history, Princess Bhrikuti was married to Emperor Songtsan Gampo in around 638 CE due to very close relationship of Nepal with Tibet. As a part of Dowry, Princess Bhrukuti brought Buddha statues of Shakyamuni Buddha statues which was the inspiration of Tibetan Buddha statues in Tibet. Most of the Tibetan Buddha statues are quite similar to Nepali Buddha statues due to various reasons, such as the influence of Newar Buddhist craftsmen who were brought by Princess Bhrikuti as a part of dowry and another reason would be the influence of Buddha statues of Shakyamuni Buddha. Princess Bhrikuti even brought many Buddhist sculptures from Nepal.

Jokhang Temple, one of the important Buddhist pilgrimage sites in Tibet was originally built by King Songtsan Gampo in order to house all the Buddhist sculptures brought by Princess Bhrikuti. Originally the heart or core of Jokhang Temple was the Nepali Buddha statues of Shakyamuni Buddha brought by Bhrikuti until the death of the king when second wife of King Songtsan Gamp i.e. Princess Wengcheng brought Nepal Tibet Buddha statues of Vairochana Buddha, one of the Pancha Buddhas and make it the heart of Jokhang temple. Even though the effort of King Songtsan and Princess Bhrikuti helped in the construction of great Buddhist pilgrimage site of Tibet, i.e. Jokhang Temple.

Besides various Buddhist sculptures, Princess Bhrikuti also brought many Buddhist scriptures that contains the teachings and practices related with Vajrayana Buddhism and Newar Buddhism practices. These Nepalese Buddhist practices and methods helped in the thorough development of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal thus, it deepened the relationship of Buddhism in Tibet with Newar Buddhism.

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Contributions of Princess Bhrikuti

Besides various Buddhist sculptures, Princess Bhrikuti also brought many Buddhist scriptures that contains the teachings and practices related with Vajrayana and Newar Buddhism practices. These Nepalese Buddhist practices and methods helped in the thorough development of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal thus, it deepened the relationship of Buddhism in Tibet with Newar Buddhism.

Potala Palace, one of the wonder of Tibetan Buddhism is consists of many parts i.e. White Palace, Red Palace etc. It is said that Red Palace was built and constructed by Newar craftsmen under the wish of Princess Bhrikuti. Samye, one of the oldest Buddhist monastery in Tibet consists of many Buddha statues and Buddhist sculptures such as Tub wang was also built under the wishes of Princess Bhrikuti. Due to her devotion and contribution in the development of Buddhism in Tibet, Princess Bhrikuti was considered as Green Tara in Tibetan iconography while Princess Wencheng of China was considered as the White Tara in Tibetan iconography.

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Our collections of Buddha statues and arts

Old bronze Jambhala statue

Old bronze Jambhala statue

275 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Very early Jain statue with inscriptions

Very early Jain statue with inscriptions

600 euro
Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

175 euro
Very special bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Very special bronze Burmese Buddha statue

47,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Ganesha statue

Old bronze Nepali Ganesha statue

350 euro
Old wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Old wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

800 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Green Tara

Old bronze Nepali Green Tara

1,350 euro
Special antique marble Jain statue

Special antique marble Jain statue

2,750 euro
Old red Burmese offering vessel

Old red Burmese offering vessel

750 euro
Special antique bronze Shan Buddha statue

Special antique bronze Shan Buddha statue

7,500 euro
Old marble Hanuman statue

Old marble Hanuman statue

650 euro
Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

500 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

1,850 euro
Old bronze Manjushri statue

Old bronze Manjushri statue

550 euro
Old bronze nepali Ganesha statue

Old bronze nepali Ganesha statue

250 euro
Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor statue

Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor statue

1,750 euro
Old bronze Parvati statue

Old bronze Parvati statue

900 euro
Old bronze Nepali White Tara statue

Old bronze Nepali White Tara statue

325 euro
Antique marble Ganesha statue

Antique marble Ganesha statue

2,850 euro
Old marble Burmese Buddha statue

Old marble Burmese Buddha statue

900 euro
Old Burmese Buddha statue

Old Burmese Buddha statue

1,600 euro
Pair of old marble lion statues

Pair of old marble lion statues

700 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

600 euro
Special antique Ivory Japanese Zushi shrine

Special antique Ivory Japanese Zushi shrine

14,500 euro
Antique bronze Thai Sukhothai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Sukhothai Buddha statue

1,600 euro
Antique ivory Japanese figure

Antique ivory Japanese figure

1,500 euro
Old wooden Burmese Monk statue

Old wooden Burmese Monk statue

300 euro
Old wooden Burmese Throne

Old wooden Burmese Throne

1,250 euro
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